Reproductive & Sexual Health

Abnormal Bleeding

Abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods and heavy uterine bleeding can be a symptom of several different (and potentially serious) conditions.

Adrenal Problems

Adrenal problems occur when the small glands located on top of the kidneys produce either too much or not enough hormones.

Chromosomal Abnormalities

Chromosomal abnormalities are a type of genetic condition that cause a fetus (developing baby) to have extra or missing chromosomes. The result can lead to medical problems.

Congenital Abnormalities of the Reproductive System

This refers to a variety of uncommon disorders of the female reproductive tract that occur while the child is growing in the womb.


Endometriosis is an often painful condition in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus and on organs in the abdomen or pelvis.


Fibroids are smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. They are one of the most common benign uterine tumors among women. In fact, some studies suggest that 25% - 75% of all women may have fibroids, although only about 20% ever have symptoms.


Hyperemesis is a severe type of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Although many pregnant women have morning sickness, for some, it’s much more intense. There is no cure for hyperemesis, but it's temporary, and there are ways to manage it.


Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman gets pregnant but keeps having miscarriages or stillbirths, that is also classified as infertility.

Irregular or Absent Menstrual Periods

Amenorrhea (absent or irregular periods), is a menstrual condition characterized by absent menstrual periods for more than three monthly menstrual cycles.


Menopause is the time in women’s lives when menstrual periods stop permanently and they’re no longer able to have children. It’s a normal condition all women experience as they age.

Ovarian Cysts

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the ovary. During the menstrual cycle, it’s normal for the ovaries to make cysts. Most are small and benign (non-cancerous); larger cysts, however, can cause pain and other problems.

Pelvic Floor Disorders

The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that support the organs in your pelvis like a sling — for women, these organs include the bladder, uterus and rectum. Pelvic floor disorders occur when you’re unable to control these muscles.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP), described by some as a "woman's hernia," can be an uncomfortable and bothersome condition. The condition occurs when the muscles and ligaments that support the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, vagina or lower bowel) are stretched, thinned out or torn. As a result of that, one or more of the pelvic organs may slip out of place, or "prolapse."

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain in women occurs in the lowest part of the abdomen.

Pelvic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic pelvic pain can be complex, with many different causes. One cause in women may be pelvic venous insufficiency (PVI). This is a condition where the normal valves in pelvic veins do not work properly, leading to enlargement of the pelvic veins and causing pain. This can sometimes be called pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS).

Placental Abnormalities

Placental disorders or abnormalities occur when, during pregnancy, the placenta develops in the uterus in an unusual location or invades the wall of the uterus.


Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure. It usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy, but can also happen during labor or after delivery.


Pregnancy typically lasts just over nine months or about 38 weeks from the time of conception to childbirth.

Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical, emotional and behavioral symptoms that occur one to two weeks before a woman’s period and are severe enough to interfere with her daily routine.

Preterm Labor

Preterm labor is regular contractions that result in cervical changes before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

Preterm Prelabor Rupture of Membranes

Preterm prelabor rupture of membranes is a premature rupture (water break) before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation, and occurs in 10 to 15 percent of all known pregnancies. When pregnancy loss occurs two or more times in a row, it may be called recurrent miscarriage or recurrent pregnancy loss.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence, that is, the involuntary loss of urine, is not a medical condition but rather a symptom of a larger bladder and/or pelvic disorder.

Urinary Tract Infections

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection that may occur anywhere in the urinary tract, though it typically involves only the urethra and bladder.

Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy

There are many causes of bleeding during pregnancy. A pelvic exam will help determine if the bleeding is something minor or more serious.