Adrenal problems occur when the small glands located on top of the kidneys produce either too much or not enough hormones.

Overview and Symptoms
Causes of adrenal gland disorders may be congenital or acquired and include genetic mutations, tumors, infections, a problem with another gland that helps to regulate the adrenal gland and certain medicines. Symptoms vary from one adrenal disorder to another.


Many adrenal gland disorders can be treated with surgery or medicines:

  • Surgery is used to remove tumors in the adrenal gland or, if appropriate, to remove one or both adrenal glands.
  • Minimally invasive surgery, performed through the nostrils, is used to remove tumors in the pituitary gland. 
  • Medication may stop the excess production of hormones.
  • Hormone replacement therapy may be prescribed to get hormone blood levels back to normal.

Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

The Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism provides expertise in diagnosing, treating and managing a range of endocrine disorders. 

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Endocrine Surgery

The surgeons in the Division of Endocrine Surgery are highly skilled in minimally invasive treatment of thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal conditions.

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