Bone, Joint & Muscle


Arthritis is inflammation of the joint, which often causes pain and stiffness that can worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis causes cartilage—the hard tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint—to break down. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that targets the lining of joints. Uric acid crystals, infections or underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus, can cause other types of arthritis.

Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is the term for normal changes in your spinal discs that occur with aging. Spinal discs are soft and compressible and act as shock absorbers for the spine, allowing you to bend, twist, etc. With age there are changes to the discs because of injury, loss of fluid, tears, cracks, etc. The degenerative disc condition typically occurs in the lower back and neck. Depending on the location of the affected disc, you may experience severe pain in your back, neck, arm and leg.


Fibromyalgia is caused by a number of factors including genetics, psychological or physical trauma or infections. You are more likely to develop fibromyalgia if you have other conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or lupus. Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than are men. While there is no cure for fibromyalgia, a variety of medications can help control symptoms. Exercise, relaxation and stress-reduction measures also may help.

Foot and Ankle

Foot and Ankle injuries are very common and include fractures, sprains, arthritis, plantar fasciitis, bunions etc.


Gout is a particularly painful form of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the body which deposit in the joints.

Hand, Wrist and Elbow

Arthritis, fracture, carpal tunnel syndromes, tendinitis, cartilage injuries and tears are some of the common conditions we treat.

Infectious Arthritis

Infectious arthritis — sometimes referred to as septic arthritis — occurs when an infection spreads to a joint, causing inflammation with pain and swelling.


Lupus is an inflammatory disease that can damage the skin, joints, kidneys and/or other organs. It’s an autoimmune disorder, meaning that it occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells.

Musculoskeletal trauma and injuries

Musculoskeletal medicine helps in treating conditions affecting your muscles and bones, which can greatly limit your daily activities. Our physicians and nurse practitioners help treat your condition as well as help you manage pain.


Osteoarthritis — also called degenerative joint disease — is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most often in middle-aged to elderly people when the protective cartilage on the ends of the bones wears down over time. It can occur in any joint of the body, though it typically appears in the hands, knees, hips and spine.


Polychondrosis is a disease in which cartilage – the tissue that protects bones and joints – becomes inflamed.

Psoriasis Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory disorder that occurs in some people with psoriasis and is marked by joint inflammation.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder, meaning that the immune system is attacking healthy tissue in your body – in this case the lining of the joints.


A sarcoma is a cancerous tumor of the bone or soft tissue. Soft tissues are the tissues that connect, support, or surround the body's organs and structures. They include muscle, tendon, synovial tissue (around joints), fat, blood vessels, lymph vessels, and nerves. Sarcomas are divided into two main groups – bone sarcomas and soft tissue sarcomas. They are further sub-classified according to the type of cell found in the tumor. They all share certain microscopic characteristics and have similar symptoms.

Spine Deformity

Though spine conditions are common, very few people need spinal. However, if you require surgery, our orthopaedic physicians will work closely with The Spine Center to provide our patients treatment options.


Vasculitis is inflammation of your blood vessels that can cause them to thicken, scar, and become weak and narrow.

Visceral Pain

Visceral pain occurs when there is damage or disruption to internal organs and tissues in the pelvis, abdomen, chest or intestines. Visceral pain is vague, not localized, and often feels like a deep squeeze, pressure or aching feeling.

Whiplash Injury

Whiplash occurs when the neck and head are suddenly forced backward and then forward, putting your spine through extreme stress. Most cases of whiplash are caused by car accidents though bungee jumping, rollercoaster rides and skiing can also cause whiplash.