A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging and are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery. Cataracts may affect both eyes, but do not spread from one to another.
Cornea and External Disease
The cornea is the dome-shaped, outermost transparent tissue that covers the front parts of the eye, including the iris and pupil. The cornea refracts light rays as they enter the eye onto the retina, allowing you to see clearly. Our physicians provide diagnosis and treatment for diseases of the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, and eyelids.
An epiretinal membrane is a thin sheet of rubbery tissue that can develop on the surface of the macular area of the retina and affect your vision. It develops as a result of cell changes that occur in the back of your eye. An epiretinal membrane can develop in an eye with no history of previous problems.
Glaucoma is a disease of the major nerve of vision, called the optic nerve. Glaucoma is caused mostly by elevated pressure in the eye. The disease generates progressive damage to the optic nerve that generally begins with a subtle loss of side vision, or peripheral vision.
Macular degeneration is the deterioration of the central portion of the retina, the inside back layer of the eye. Though very common and painless, macular degeneration is an incurable eye disease. It most commonly occurs in people over the age of 50, and becomes more common the older you get.
A macular hole is a small break in the macula, located in the center of the retina. The macula provides the sharp, central vision we need for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. A macular hole is not the same disease as macular degeneration.
A retinal detachment is a separation of the retina from its attachments to the underlying tissue within the eye. Most are a result of a retinal break, hole or tear. Retinal detachment is most common in people who are in their 60s or 70s. A retinal detachment is considered a medical emergency. If you are experiencing symptoms of a retinal detachment, you should see an eye care professional immediately.