Diabetes & Endocrine
Adrenal Cancer (Adrenocortical Carcinoma)
Adrenal cancer, which is very rare, typically develops in the cortex (outer part) of the adrenal gland. It is often discovered accidentally on an imaging test done to look for something else.
Cushing syndrome is a disorder with physical and mental changes that result from having too much cortisol in the blood for a long period of time. Cortisol is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys.
Diabetes is a disease in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose (a form of sugar). Glucose backs up in the bloodstream — causing one’s blood glucose (sometimes referred to as blood sugar) to rise too high.
Diabetic Neuropathy is painful nerve damage associated with diabetes. The damage is related to blood sugar levels being too high for too long. Different types of diabetic neuropathy can affect your feet and legs, hips, head or digestive system.
Graves' disease is an immune system disorder that results in hyperthyroidism. Although a number of disorders may result in hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease is a common cause.
Hyperparathyroidism is a condition in which there is too much parathyroid hormone in the bloodstream due to one (or more) of the body’s four parathyroid glands being overactive.
Hyperthyroidism is when your thyroid – the butterfly-shaped gland at the bottom of your neck, just above your collarbone – makes too much of a hormone called thyroxine.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone to keep some of the body’s functions running properly.
A goiter refers to an enlarged thyroid gland. Sometimes a goiter has multiple nodules or bumps on it, which is called a multinodular goiter. Most thyroid nodules are harmless but some can be cancerous.
Neuroendocrine (Islet Cell) Tumors
An islet cell tumor is a tumor that develops in the pancreas from a type of cell called an islet cell. These cells manufacture and release hormones, such as insulin and glucagon, into the bloodstream. An islet cell tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Osteoporosis is a condition in which the body loses too much bone, makes too little, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break easily.
Parathyroid cancer is a very rare, slow-growing cancer with under 100 cases per year diagnosed in the United States.
Pheochromocytomas are very rare tumors that usually develop in the adrenal glands, small glands on top of the kidneys. They most commonly affect people between the ages of 20 and 50, but can occur at any age. Because of hormones secreted, symptoms include high blood pressure, sweating, rapid heartbeat, and headache.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance.
Thyroid nodules are lumps that form within the thyroid and are usually benign, or non-cancerous. Most thyroid nodules aren't serious and don't cause symptoms. Only a small percentage is cancerous.