The Mantzoros research group conducts independent investigations and
collaborates on several projects with experts from national and
international institutions. Our projects aim to:
Investigate the etiology, underlying molecular mechanisms and
pathophysiological links between obesity/adipose tissue, diabetes,
cardiovascular disease, and malignancies.
Explore the role of promising new classes of anti-obesity
medications including leptin and other peptides such as
adiponectin, serotonin receptor agonists, and incretins such as
GLP-1 analogues in the treatment of obesity and the metabolic
syndrome (insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension,
Investigate the roles of leptin and neuropeptides in obesity as
well as the mechanisms underlying their roles.
Investigate new molecular targets for the treatment of obesity,
diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and endocrine malignancies.
Perform "proof of concept studies" involving leptin, GLP-1, and
neuropeptide agonist administration in humans to fully elucidate
their role in human physiology and disease.
Specific examples of ongoing research projects are outlined below.
The Mantzoros research group conducts independent investigations and collaborates on several projects with experts from national and international institutions. Our projects aim to:
- Investigate the physiology of novel hormones in the regulation of energy balance in conditions of energy deprivation (e.g. anorexia nervosa, starvation, strenuous exercise) or of energy excess (obesity, diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) in humans.
- Identify molecular pathways related to metabolic diseases in humans using both targeted and untargeted “omic” approaches and assessing their potential as prognostic markers or therapeutic tools.
- Explore the role of promising new classes of anti-obesity medications (e.g. leptin, adiponectin, serotonin receptor agonists, incretins) and of nutritional interventions (e.g. walnut consumption, coffee intake, Mediterranean diet) on appetite control using neurocognitive and neuroimaging techniques and on cardiometabolic profile through hormonal, biochemical, metabolomic and lipidomic analyses.
- Perform "proof of concept studies" in mice and humans involving leptin, GLP-1, neuropeptide agonist administration and PPARγ selective modulators to fully elucidate their role in human physiology and disease as well as their treatment efficacy in disease states such as obesity, diabetes and NAFLD.
- Investigate the pathophysiological link between obesity and diabetes, metabolic and hormonal milieu and malignancies.
We conduct large-scale epidemiologic investigations, including
cross-sectional, case control, and cohort studies, to examine:
Obesity associated malignancies.
Psychological mediators of risk and predictors of diabetes and
cardiovascular disease in diabetic individuals in the context of
the Nurses Health Study and the Health Professionals Study.
The etiology, clinical manifestations, and response to bariatric
surgery in obese patients.
Our clinical research studies focus on:
Randomized clinical trials in obese patients with diabetes
including the Look AHEAD study, i.e. a study of health outcomes in
response to weight-loss. In a national multi-center clinical trial,
the Look AHEAD study, we examine the long-term effects of an
intensive lifestyle intervention program designed to achieve and
maintain weight loss by decreasing caloric intake and increasing
physical activity in overweight volunteers with type 2 diabetes.
Interventional placebo-controlled trials for the treatment of diabetes and obesity, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).