Botswana is a politically stable country in southeastern Africa. Its population is approximately 1.8 million people, and it is the size of France. Most of the population lives on the outskirts of the great Kalahari Desert. The government has received widespread recognition for a progressive response to the HIV epidemic. Botswana was the first African nation to introduce a national program to prevent mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Botswana opened its first medical school in 2009, and national residents and medical students also do rotations at Scottish Livingstone Hospital.