Hemorrhoids are veins that become swollen inside or outside of the rectum or anus that may cause pain, burning irritation, itching, and bleeding.
Hemorrhoids may not require treatment; they often go away on their own. When needed, treatment options include:
- Over-the-counter medicines to relieve pain, burning, and itching such as hemorrhoid creams, hydrocortisone, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin
- Soaking the area in warm water
- Drinking fluids and taking fiber supplements to soften bowel movements
Medical procedures to treat hemorrhoids include:
- Rubber band ligation, during which a medical professional places a rubber band around the hemorrhoid to stop blood from flowing to it
- Sclerotherapy, in which a medical professional injects a chemical into the vein to shrink the hemorrhoid