Medicaid expansion and improved breast cancer treatment access

Hester Hill Schnipper, LICSW, OSW-C Program Manager Emeritus, Oncology, Social Work

JULY 03, 2019

Breast cancer survival is linked to health care access, especially for black women.At the recent American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) meeting in Chicago, a very interesting study about the timeliness of beginning treatment for breast cancer was presented. Over the years, there has been a great deal of research and discussion about health care disparities, access to care, and the difference in survival from breast cancer between white women and women of color. Broadly speaking, black women have a 10% less good survival from breast cancer than white women.

As you know, the option for states to participate in what is called Medicaid Expansion is part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act/AKA Obama Care. States that enrolled in the program, taking more federal money to make Medicaid more broadly available to their residents, reported any change in time between diagnosis and the beginning of treatment for both early and metastatic breast cancer. While time elapsed may not make any difference for an individual woman, when viewed with a large population or public health lens, it turns out to matter. The researchers were curious whether Medicaid expansion changed the difference between races in beginning treatment.

Here are the results of this study:

Before Medicaid expansion, 48.3% of white women began treatment within a month of being diagnosed, while 43.5% of black women did. After Medicaid expansion, 50.3% of white women and 49.5% of women of color began treatment within a month of diagnosis.

It is obvious that both groups of women began treatment more quickly after this insurance change, but the difference was greater for women of color. There are some criticisms of the study, specifically that it was observational, meaning that it looked at data ,and could not prove that one thing (Medicaid expansion) caused another (quicker access to care). Years will need to pass before we know whether this difference also results in improved survival.

Yet is seems very obvious that this policy change has resulted in improved health care access, at a time of crisis, for many women. I am careful in this blog to stay away from politics, but this seems to be one area where we all agree. We want quick and easy access to appropriate treatment for breast cancer as soon as possible after diagnosis.

Above content provided by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. For advice about your medical care, consult your doctor.
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