The foot is a complex structure of 26 bones, 33 joints, and many muscles, ligaments, and nerves. Only a small number of Americans are born with foot problems. Most problems are due to neglect and poor care, including ill-fitting shoes. With age, changes occur in the feet. Some disorders begin early in life and are affected by heredity, walking patterns, and land features. Many Americans will have foot pain at some point in their lives.
Normal Anatomy of the Left Foot
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Common causes of foot pain include:
- Poor-fitting shoes
- High-heeled shoes
- Poor posture
- High impact exercise (eg, running)
Foot pain may also be caused by systemic disease, such as:
)—Arthritis can cause stiffness and reduced range of motion.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
—This condition affects the legs and feet by causing reduced blood flow, swelling, and increased risk of infection.
—A common complication of diabetes is reduced blood flow, which causes a number of problems in the legs and feet including abnormal sensation, swelling, and increased risk of infection.
—Gout may cause pain and swelling in the great toe.
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