Ascites is the accumulation of excess fluid in the abdominal cavity. This condition can be treated, so if you think you have ascites, contact your doctor.
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Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
Sodium restriction—Limiting salt intake to
per day or less is often recommended to reduce or delay fluid build-up. More extreme restrictions in salt intake do not further improve outcomes.
Alcohol restriction—Ascites commonly occurs in people who have liver disease.
can further impair liver function. Stopping alcohol use may limit the progression of ascites.
Diuretics (Water Pills)
Diuretic medications are drugs that cause the kidneys to excrete more sodium and water in the urine. These medications are often recommended as the treatment of choice for ascites, along with sodium restriction.
Examples of diurectics include:
Ascites can be treated by inserting a hollow needle into the abdomen and removing excess fluid through the needle.
If the other treatments are not effective and the ascites keep coming back, surgery can be done to divert blood away from the liver.
If you are diagnosed with ascites, follow your doctor's