The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. A rupture occurs when there is a tearing or separation of the tendon fibers.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
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Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options may include the one or more of the following:
You will need time to heal. RICE and immediate medical care are often the pain part of treatment:
- Rest—Activities will need to be restricted.
- Ice—Ice therapy may help relieve swelling.
- Compression—Used for a limited time, compression bandages can provide gentle pressure to help move fluids out of the area.
- Elevation—Keeping the area elevated can help fluids drain out or prevent fluids from building up.
Crutches or a walker may be advised to protect the healing tendon.
Prescription or over-the-counter medication may be advised to reduce pain.
Surgery is the most common treatment for this condition. An incision is made in the lower leg and the tendon is sewn back together. A
cast, splint, walking boot, or brace is worn for 6-8 weeks. One of the benefits of surgery is that it lowers the risk of re-rupturing the tendon. Surgery may also be a better option if you are physically active.
The other option is to allow your tendon to heal without surgery. In this case, you also need to wear a cast, splint, walking boot, or brace for 6-8 weeks. You also may have different exercises to do. If you are less active or have a chronic illness that prevents surgery, this option may be better for you.
A physical therapist will assess the tendon. An exercise program will be created to help recovery and to stregthen the muscles.