Description of the Procedure
There are different techniques used to do a liver biopsy, including:
- Conventional liver biopsy
- Laparoscopic liver biopsy—done when the biopsy needs to be taken from a specific area of the liver
- Transvenous liver biopsy—done if your blood clots poorly or you have a lot of fluid in your abdomen
Conventional Liver Biopsy
You will lie on your back with your right hand behind your head. An
may be used to help guide the placement of the needle. The skin will be cleaned. Next, medication will be injected to numb the area. A small incision will be made. You will need to exhale and hold your breath while the needle is inserted. Sometimes, the needle will need to be inserted several times. After the procedure, the area will be bandaged.
Placement of Liver Biopsy Needle
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Laparoscopic Liver Biopsy
Your doctor will make a tiny incision. A long tool with a camera on the end will be passed into your abdomen in the area of the liver. It will send images of the liver to a TV screen. Additional incisions will be made to pass other tools. These tools will be used to remove samples of the liver.
Transvenous Liver Biopsy
A tiny flexible tube will be threaded into a vein in your neck or groin. This tube will be threaded all the way into the veins in your liver. A biopsy needle will be passed through the tube to get a biopsy sample.
When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
- If a sedative was given, do not drive for at least 24 hours.
- Rest the remainder of the day.
- Do not exercise or lift heavy objects for at least a week. Ask your doctor when you can resume normal activities.
- Eat your normal diet.
- Ask your doctor when you can resume taking your medications.
- Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
Be sure to follow your doctor's
The biopsy results will take 1-4 weeks. You and your doctor will discuss the results.