Description of the Procedure
The doctor will make a cut in front of the ear and down into the neck. He will locate and protect the nerves in the area during surgery. There are two types of parotidectomy surgery. The type you will have depends on why the surgery is being done.
If you have a tumor and it is above the facial nerve, then a superficial parotidectomy is done. The tumor and affected tissue can usually be removed safely without harming the nerve.
If you have a tumor that surrounds or grows into the facial nerve, a total parotidectomy is done. The tumor, affected tissue, and parts of the nerve are removed.
Once all tissue has been removed, the doctor will close the area with sutures. He will also place a drain behind your ear. It will be used to remove any fluids (eg, blood and saliva) from the wound.