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Current Research from Top Journals -- Archive


  • Water Before Meals May Promote Weight Loss

    Last Updated: 2015-8-31  ::

    A randomized trial found that drinking water before main meals led to higher weight loss than those who were asked to imagine a full stomach before main meals. Water preloading is believed to help create a feeling of fullness or satiety during the meal, which may help curb overeating.
  • Fecal Transplants Induce Ulcerative Colitis Remission

    Last Updated: 2015-7-30  ::

    A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
  • Exercise Associated with Healthy Baby Weight

    Last Updated: 2015-6-30  ::

    A meta-analysis found that mothers participating in a prenatal exercise group were less likely to have a large newborn, less likely to need a cesarean section, and no more likely to have a low birthweight baby than those who did not exercise. The study supports proper prenatal care advice which advocates for mothers to exercise during pregnancy if allowed by the physician.
  • Mindful Meditation May Reduce Symptoms and Complications of Insomnia

    Last Updated: 2015-5-29  ::

    A randomized trial found that participants in a mindfulness awareness group showed significant improvement in insomnia symptoms, depression symptoms, and fatigue. Although the trial was small, mindfulness meditation has has been linked to both physical and mental health benefits, including stress reduction. More research may support this finding.
  • Chewing Gum After Surgery May Improve Digestive Tract Recovery

    Last Updated: 2015-4-25  ::

    A systematic review found that participants given chewing gum after abdominal surgery may have a faster return to normal for their digestive system. Unfortunately, the quality of trials is low and more research will need to be done before this simple solution is confirmed.
  • Breastfeeding May Decrease the Risk of Childhood Obesity

    Last Updated: 2015-2-20  ::

    Obesity is associated with a complex combination of factors but the earliest feeding habits may play a role in childhood obesity. A review of studies across several countries found that breastfeeding may decrease the risk of obesity in childhood.
  • Tonsillectomy May Reduce Number of Sore Throat Days in Children

    Last Updated: 2015-2-20  ::

    Removing the tonsils is a common procedure in children. It is often recommended for children with recurrent infections of the throat to reduce sick days. A study, completed in the United Kingdom, found that a tonsillectomy was associated with fewer sore throats in children who were selected to have the surgery.


  • Maternal Caffeine Intake May Be Associated with Low Birth Weight

    Last Updated: 2014-11-30  ::

    Newborns who are underweight are at increased risk of complications, such as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This study found that higher maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may be associated with a higher risk of having a low birth weight infant.
  • Prevent Eczema in Kids with a Daily Dose of Moisturizer

    Last Updated: 2014-11-30  ::

    The painful red, itchy, and scaly rash known as eczema is a common condition in children that is often stubborn to manage. Researchers have found that a daily dose of moisturizer may reduce the development of eczema in newborns who are at higher risk.
  • Broccoli Sprout Compound Associated with Reduction in Autism Symptoms

    Last Updated: 2014-10-31  ::

    Autism spectrum disorders is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 1 in every 68 children. Researchers have found that a phytochemical derived from broccoli sprout extracts may improve behavioral problems associated with autism.
  • Family Meals May Decrease Risk of Obesity in Teens

    Last Updated: 2014-10-31  ::

    Children and adolescents who are overweight are more likely to be overweight as adults, increasing their risk of health complications. Researchers have found that meals taken together as a family may protect children against becoming overweight or obese young adults.
  • Screen Time May Affect Social Interaction Skills in Children

    Last Updated: 2014-9-30  ::

    Television, smart phones, I pads and more offer continual opportunity for entertainment, information, and distraction. This excess screen time in teens has been linked to some health and behavior issues and researchers from California found that screen time may also impact social skills.
  • Nuts Associate with Lower Risk of Heart Disease and Diabetes

    Last Updated: 2014-8-28  ::

    Although once villainized, nuts have found popularity as a health food because of their healthy fats, fiber, and protein. This study found that having nuts in your diet may also decrease the risk of common chronic conditions.
  • Power Toothbrushes May Be More Effective Cleaners Than Manual Brushes

    Last Updated: 2014-8-28  ::

    There are many power toothbrush options now available but are they worth the investment? This study published in Cochrane Databases found that power toothbrushes may have the edge in cleaning teeth compared to manual toothbrushes.
  • Shoe Insoles Do Not Appear to Treat or Prevent Low Back Pain

    Last Updated: 2014-7-20  ::

    Shoe inserts are advertised as potentially helping a number of orthopedic issues but the most common and perhaps popular one is low back pain. Unfortunately, a study from Australia found that inserts were not helpful in decreasing low back pain.
  • Smoking May Drag Out Fracture Healing

    Last Updated: 2014-6-27  ::

    You've probably heard how smoking can affect your heart and lungs but your bones too? This randomized trial found that smokers had a greater risk of complications after a fracture than non-smokers.
  • Tai Chi May Improve Physical Function, Reduce Falls After Stroke

    Last Updated: 2014-5-27  ::

    A stroke can create muscle imbalances and weakness that increase risk of falls and lead to further injury and extended recovery time. Physical conditioning will help improve muscle strength and function which in turn reduces the risk for falls. This trial has found that Tai Chi may be an effective option.
  • Diverse Foods Early in Life Associated with Lower Rates of Asthma and Food Allergies

    Last Updated: 2014-4-29  ::

    Allergies and asthma are caused by an overreaction of the immune system believed to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors, perhaps factors that we come in contact early in life. This trial found that a greater variety of foods in the first year of life may be associated with lower risk of developing asthma or allergies.
  • Fruits and Vegetables Consumption Still Hold Up For Good Health

    Last Updated: 2014-3-30  ::

    Fruits and vegetables are encouraged as the cornerstone of a healthy diet in countries worldwide because of their rich nutrition values. This study completed in England shows that this nutrition may translate to greater health.
  • Positive Mental Health Changes Found After Smoking Cessation

    Last Updated: 2014-2-20  ::

    Most know the numerous physical benefits of quitting smoking but are reluctant to quit because they rely on their cigarettes for stress relief and decrease anxiety. However, a study, published in the British Medical Journal, found that those who quit had lower stress and anxiety levels than continued smokers.
  • Parent-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Help Children With Anxiety

    Last Updated: 2014-1-20  ::

    Anxiety in children can not only impact their current wellness but also increase their risk of future health problems. Fortunately, therapy can be very effective, in fact, researchers from England found that a parent-led behavioral therapy program was successful at helping children manage anxiety.


  • Regular Consumption of Nuts Associated with Lower Mortality

    Last Updated: 2013-12-20  ::

    If you happen to be a nut lover, you may find yourself with a few extra years to enjoy them! Researchers found that those who had at least 2 servings of nuts per week had lower mortality during a lengthy cohort study than those who did not eat nuts.
  • Regular Physical Activity May Improve Sleep in Women with Menopausal Symptoms

    Last Updated: 2013-9-22  ::

    Menopause symptoms like hot flashes are mostly nuisance but when they interfere with sleep these symptoms can start to affect your health. Fortunately, a study from the University of Pittsburgh found that regular physical activity may help manage these symptoms and improve sleep quality.
  • Home-Based Palliative Care May Help Patients With Advanced Illness Stay Home

    Last Updated: 2013-8-28  ::

    Most who need long term medical care prefer to be in the comforts of their home instead of a medical facility but worry that the care would not be appropriate or be too much of a burden on family. This systematic review found that home-based palliative care may help patients stay at home.
  • Adding Nuts to Diet Not Associated with Increased Weight

    Last Updated: 2013-6-10  ::

    Nuts are nutrient dense, heart healthy power foods but many stay away from them because of their fat and calorie content. However, Spanish researchers found that nuts, eaten in moderation, are not associated with weight gain.
  • Heavy Alcohol Use May Increase Risk Cancer Death

    Last Updated: 2013-4-22  ::

    Heavy alcohol use is strongly associated with liver problems but it seems it could also play a role in cancer survival. Researchers from China found that those who average three or more drinks per day were more likely to die from cancer than those who drank occasionally.
  • Daily Multivitamin May Decrease Risk of Cancer in Men

    Last Updated: 2013-1-20  ::

    Daily multivitamins may be chosen by an individual or prescribed by a doctor to boost nutrition but studies on its benefits are unclear. The Physician's Health Study II found that men who took daily multivitamins had a lower risk of cancer compared to those who took placebo.


  • Yoga May Help Reduce Anxiety and Stress

    Last Updated: 2012-9-13  ::

    Stress cannot always be avoided but healthy lifestyle choices including relaxation techniques can help reduce its impact on your health. US researchers found that yoga appears to be an effective tool for reducing stress and anxiety.
  • Behavior Therapy May Decrease Tic Symptoms in Adults

    Last Updated: 2012-9-13  ::

    Tics from neurological conditions are often mild and will pass by adulthood, but some may interfere with daily activities. Medications are available but can have side effects. US researchers have found that a form of therapy called behavioral therapy may help manage tics without side effects.
  • Antioxidant Supplements Not Associated with Lower Death Rates

    Last Updated: 2012-6-10  ::

    Antioxidants from foods have been linked to many health benefits but it is not clear if antioxidant supplements can provide the same benefits. A review, conducted by the Cochrane Database, found that supplements were not associated with lower death rates, in fact a few were actually associated with increased death rates.
  • Stretching Routine Before Bedtime May Decrease Nighttime Leg Cramps

    Last Updated: 2012-6-10  ::

    Most leg cramps usually pass on their own but, if they occur at night they can interrupt your sleep and that can affect your overall health. Researchers from the Netherlands found that a simple stretching program before bed was able to reduce leg cramps in older adults.
  • Low-Dose CT Scan May Be Effective Screening Tool for Lung Cancer in People at High Risk

    Last Updated: 2012-5-10  ::

    Early detection of lung cancer may decrease or delay mortality but it is unclear which tools may be best for screening for this cancer. Researchers from the National Lung Screening Research Team found that a low-dose CT scan in long-term smokers may improve survival rates after lung cancer diagnosis.
  • Cold-Water Immersion Therapy May Relieve Post-Exercise Soreness

    Last Updated: 2012-5-10  ::

    Postworkout soreness is common after a new or particularly stressful workout but for athlete's it may also decrease training opportunities. A systematic review of previous studies found that ice baths may decrease delayed-onset muscle soreness.
  • Fried Foods Not Associated with Increased Risk of Heart Disease

    Last Updated: 2012-4-15  ::

    You may be surprised to learn that although most healthy diets recommend against fried foods there is little evidence that actually links fried foods and heart disease. This trial published in Spain found that fried foods included in a diet were not associated with increased risk of heart disease.
  • Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine Not Associated with Increased Risk of Intussusception in Infants

    Last Updated: 2012-4-15  ::

    Rotavirus vaccine can help prevent the stomach bug with vomiting and diarrhea but early trials showed a potential link between the vaccine and risk of intussusception (folding of intestines) in infants. In a safety study, researchers found that there was no association between this vaccine and risk of intussusception in infants.
  • Replacing Sweetened Drinks with Noncaloric Drinks May Aid in Weight Loss

    Last Updated: 2012-3-10  ::

    Calories from daily sweetened or sugary drinks can quickly add up, leading to a creeping weight gain or frustrated attempts at weight loss. A large randomized trial in the United States found that replacing your sweetened drinks with no-calorie options can in fact assist in weight loss.
  • Tai Chi May Improve Balance in Patients with Parkinson Disease

    Last Updated: 2012-3-10  ::

    While Parkinson is a progressively degenerative condition, certain exercises may help slow early debilitation. Researchers from Oregon found that Tai Chi-based exercise was most effective at improving balance and decreasing falls than strength training or stretching programs.



  • Topical NSAIDs Appear to be Effective at Decreasing Pain without Systemic Side Effects

    Last Updated: 2010-11-22  ::

    Oral NSAIDs are a common choice to decrease pain and inflammation but as with any drug there are potential side effects specifically stomach problems or interference with kidney function. Researchers from Cochrane database found that a topical form of NSAIDs was effective in decreasing pain for people with sport injuries without systemic side effects.
  • Activity May Be Better then Rest for Low Back Pain Recovery

    Last Updated: 2010-11-22  ::

    Initial reaction to an injured joint is to rest, and if you injure your back this may mean a severe decrease or halt to your activities. However, researchers from the Cochrane database found that getting out of bed and keeping active may help speed your recovery.
  • PSA Prostate Cancer Screening Not Associated with Decrease Risk of Dying from Cancer

    Last Updated: 2010-10-29  ::

    PSA is a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer in men, most often recommended for men over age 50. As with any screening test, it is under scrutiny to ensure that the positive aspects of this test outweigh any negative consequences. University of Florida researchers reviewed several past studies and found that PSA screening does not decrease mortality rates in men with prostate cancer.
  • Green Leafy Vegetables May Decrease Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

    Last Updated: 2010-10-29  ::

    A balanced diet with plenty of vegetables are often associated with lower risks of many chronic diseases. United Kingdom researchers found that leafy greens in particular may be the key vegetables in decreasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Type 2 Diabetes Associated with Increased Risk of Depression

    Last Updated: 2010-9-15  ::

    Lifestyle changes and challenges, like those due to chroinc illness, may increase the chance of developing depression. Researchers from UK found that people with Type 2 Diabetes have an increased risk of developing depression.
  • Local Hyperthermia may be Effective Help in Treatment of Plantar Warts

    Last Updated: 2010-8-16  ::

    Plantar warts will often go away on their own, but some are a bit more stubborn or can develop in painful areas. Current treatments can cause damage to the area around the wart, but researchers from China have found that local hyperthermia may be an effective tool in getting rid of plantar warts with little damage to surrounding area.
  • Compression-Only CPR Appears to have Similar Survival Rates as Standard CPR

    Last Updated: 2010-8-16  ::

    Standard CPR steps include rounds of rescue breathing and chest compressions, but rescue breathing may intimidate some bystanders. Two studies from Seattle and Sweden suggest that CPR using chest compressions only may have survival rates as successful as standard CPR survival rates.
  • Processed Meat Associated with Increased Risk of Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease

    Last Updated: 2010-7-12  ::

    A diet high in meats has often been linked to higher risk of developing certain diseases but some research suggests specific types of meat may have more risk than others. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that regular processed meats may increase risk of both diabetes and heart disease.
  • Dietary Saturated Fat Not Associated with Risk for Heart Disease or Stroke

    Last Updated: 2010-4-28  ::

    Many heart disease and stroke guidelines include recommendations to decrease dietary saturated fats, but the proof of the link is unclear. A systematic review by researchers in California did not find a link between high dietary saturated fats and the development of heart disease or stroke.
  • Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy for OCD in Children and Adolescents

    Last Updated: 2010-4-15  ::

    Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) occurs most often in late adolescence and early adulthood and can interfere with day to day life. A Cochrane review found that behavioral/cognitive therapy may be as effective as medication in managing OCD.


  • Acetaminophen May Reduce Vaccination Response

    Last Updated: 2009-11-2  ::

    Acetaminophen is often given just after vaccines to reduce the chance of developing a fever. However, researchers from the Czech Republic found that in addition to lowering fever, the medication may also lower the immune response to the vaccine.
  • Breastfeeding and Pacifier Use

    Last Updated: 2009-10-13  ::

    A pacifier can help soothe a cranky baby but some worry that it may discourage the infant from breastfeeding. Researchers from Buenos Aires found in their study that pacifier use did not affect the rate of breastfeeding.
  • Mediterranean Diet May Be Associated with Decreased Risk of Depression

    Last Updated: 2009-10-13  ::

    Daily choices like diet or physical activity are known to play an important role in maintaining good physical health but it appears they may also be important for your mental health. Researchers from Spain found that participants who followed a Mediterranean diet were less likely to develop depression.
  • Lifestyle Habits May Lower Lifetime Risk of Hypertension in Women

    Last Updated: 2009-9-16  ::

    Hypertension can lead to serious heart and blood vessel disease but there are lifestyle changes you can make to decrease your risk. Researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School found six particular habits that may decrease your risk.
  • Physical Activity and Screen Time Levels May Predict Risk of Obesity in Children

    Last Updated: 2009-9-16  ::

    Obesity has been linked to low levels of physical activity and increased hours of time in front of a TV or computer but just how great is the risk? Researchers from Iowa State University found that children with these habits were 3-4 times more likely to be overweight.
  • Online Self-management Program May Improve Asthma Control

    Last Updated: 2009-8-20  ::

    Managing asthma can help decrease your sick days and keep you breathing freely. Research from the Netherlands found that an online program may be able to provide support and decrease problems.
  • Lifestyle Habits May Lower Lifetime Risk of Heart Failure in Men

    Last Updated: 2009-8-19  ::

    Healthy choices have been encouraged to help decrease the risk of many serious illnesses and now it also may help keep the heart strong. Researchers in Boston found that men with certain healthy habits had significantly lower risks of heart failure.
  • Diet Soda Intake Linked to Increase Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

    Last Updated: 2009-5-7  ::

    Diet soda is often used as a substitute for high sugar drinks for people trying to cut down on calories and sugar intake. However, an observational study from the University of Texas suggests there may be a link between diet soda consumption and type 2 Diabetes.
  • Replacing Saturated Fats With Polyunsaturated Fats May Decrease Risk of Heart Disease

    Last Updated: 2009-5-7  ::

    The type of fat you eat can play as large of a role in the risk of heart disease as the amount of fat you eat. Researchers from Denmark found that replacing saturated fats in a diet with polyunsaturated fats may significantly reduce the risk for heart disease.
  • Follow Up 10 Years After Mercury Vaccine

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    Thimerosal is a preservative made with mercury, that was formally used with vaccines. There were some concerns that the mercury caused developmental issues in children that received vaccines with thimerosal. A 10 year follow-up in Italy found no significant developmental differences in children that had received the vaccine.
  • Specific Nutrient Changes May Not Effect Weight Loss

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    There are hundreds of choices of diet plans to help you lose weight, many which focus on eliminating or enhancing one nutrient. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that what matters most in weight loss is the amount of calories not the source of the calories.
  • Desvenlafaxine Daily May Reduce Hot Flashes in Menopause

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    The best treatment for hot flashes was HRT but there are concerns about its safety. US researchers found that desvenlafaxine, an antidepressant, may help women manage hot flashes.
  • Obesity in Children and Adolescents May Increase Risk of Mortality in Adulthood

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    The rates of obesity in children has been climbing at an alarming rate over the last decade. A study from Sweden found that obesity in youth can lead to early death in adulthood.
  • Phenylephrine May Not Be Effective For Nasal Congestion

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    People with seasonal allergies may begin to flock to medicine cabinets for relief from nasal congestion. But a study done in Vienna suggests that phenylephrine may not be the best choice for relief.
  • Probiotics May Help Children With Moderate to Severe Eczema

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    Eczema can cause severe dry and scaly patches on the skin and is most common in children. A research review found that adding probiotics to treatment may help to decrease the symptoms in children with severe eczema.
  • Certain Anti-Depressants May Be Effective for Severe PMS Symptoms

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    Severe PMS can cause intense physical and behavioral symptoms that may interfere with your ability to function socially and professionally. A research review finds that some anti-depressant medication may be effective at relieving these symptoms.
  • A Review of Tonsillectomy to Treat Sore Throats in Children

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    A tonsillectomy is a common procedure often done for children with recurrent sore throats. A review of past studies indicate that this surgery may not have significant benefits for some.
  • Higher Vitamin C Intake Associated with Lower Risk of Gout

    Last Updated: 2009-4-10  ::

    Gout is a painful inflammatory condition that can cause short term disability. Canadian researchers found that a diet rich with high vitamin C levels may help prevent gout.
  • B vitamins May Not Protect Against Cognitive Decline in Elderly Women

    Last Updated: 2009-3-6  ::

    Cognitive decline is a common problem associated with aging. Some research has suggested vitamin B may decrease the decline. However, results from the Women’s Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study found that B vitamins did not prevent decline as hoped.
  • Defining Tolerable Amount of Gluten for People With Celiac Disease

    Last Updated: 2009-3-6  ::

    People with Celiac Disease benefit greatly from a gluten-free diet, but can some gluten be tolerated? Researchers in England found that the amount of gluten that can be tolerated can vary widely from person to person.
  • Obesity and Specific Foods Linked With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

    Last Updated: 2009-3-6  ::

    In many individuals Type 2 diabetes may be a preventable condition with proper lifestyle changes. Two separate studies found specific weight measurements and food choices that may increase the risk for this type of diabetes.
  • Shoe Insoles Do Not Appear to Prevent Chronic Low Back Pain

    Last Updated: 2009-3-6  ::

    Shoes insoles are a common consumer choice to treat back pain. A systematic review by the Cochrane Library suggests that these insoles are not effective in preventing back pain.
  • Recent Physical Activity Associated With Stroke Prevention

    Last Updated: 2009-3-6  ::

    Physical activity has been linked to a decrease chance of stroke. Researchers from Germany found that activity in and through adulthood was most beneficial in reducing the risk of stroke.
  • Web-Based Program May Help Improve Diabetes Management

    Last Updated: 2009-3-6  ::

    Some find that diabetes management and lifestyle changes can be a difficult task. Many studies have shown that a support system is important and the Center for Health Studies in Seattle found that an online version can be effective.

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