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Seniors Should Stay Active, Engaged to Fight Depression

By Michael Lasalandra
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center correspondent

Senior citizens are at relatively high risk for depression for a variety of reasons: loss of health, loss of friends, loss of purpose. But there are things that can be done to sharply reduce that risk.

"Seniors are at less risk if they stay engaged in the world," says Dr. Michael C. Miller, a psychiatrist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.

"I'm a great believer in staying active," he says. "People who do best are the ones who keep themselves going. Community organizations, church or synagogue groups, a sport, volunteer activities, political activities. It can be almost anything."

Part of it is to stay connected to people. "Relationships are very important," he says. "People who have built networks of friends or enjoy family relationships tend to be happiest. If you can continue to interact with a variety of people, that's good. People who are more social are less likely to get depressed."

Another part is to find something meaningful to do. "Retirement can be very difficult, particularly for men, but increasingly for women as well," Dr. Miller says. "The idea of stepping away from a full-time career is very complicated. Many of us build our self-esteem on what we do."

The way to protect against that loss is to find worthwhile things to do. "Hobbies help," he says. "Maybe you are an amateur musician or an artist. Or you like to travel. Or you are eager to take adult education courses. The good news is that you can teach an old dog new tricks, so you can try something new. Any way you do it, staying engaged in the world is good for your health and for your brain."

Nationally, about one-third of seniors experience some form of depression. And while those over age 65 comprise 10 percent of the population, they commit 16 percent of all suicides, according to Dr. Miller.

Besides physical ailments, the loss of productive work and the deaths of friends, seniors are more likely to have a condition called "vascular depression," where interrupted blood flow causes subtle damage to nerve pathways that modulate mood, Dr. Miller says.

An important step in combating depression no matter what its cause is to recognize it when it occurs, he says.

Dr. Suzanne Salamon, Associate Chief of Clinical Programs in the Division of Gerontology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, points out that many seniors don't feel comfortable with the concept that they might be depressed. She says family members and doctors should be on the lookout for signs of mood problems.

"Many in that generation will never admit to depression," she says.

Signs of depression can include sleep problems, apathy, fatigue, inability to concentrate, loss of appetite, psychomotor retardation (decreased energy to do things), hopelessness or thoughts of suicide.

"If you are experiencing several of these, you may have a problem," she says. "I ask my patients about these things. But I don't ask them if they are depressed. I may use the terms 'feeling blue' or 'down in the dumps.'"

Dr. Miller says there is a place for medication or talk therapy or both in seniors who are depressed, even though they may be resistant.

"These are tools that can be used," he says. "But you can't just say 'go take a pill.' This should be done in the context of a careful discussion."

Above content provided by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. For advice about your medical care, consult your doctor.

Posted July 2012

Contact Information

Division of Gerontology
Department of Medicine
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Lowry Medical Office Building #1B (West Campus)
110 Francis Street
Boston, MA 02215