You will work with the doctor to choose a treatment plan that is right for your child. Options include:
There are many different kinds of medicines to treat seizure disorder. Common examples include:
For generalized seizure disorder:
For partial seizure disorder:
(Tegretol, Carbatrol, Tegretol XR), phenytoin (Dilantin),
If medicine does not work or the side effects are too severe, your child may need surgery. Surgery involves the removal of the seizure focus. This is the area of the brain that starts the seizure. Surgery is only an option if your child has very localized areas of the brain involved.
Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)
With VNS, a device is implanted in the chest. It provides electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve, a long nerve that runs from the brain to beyond the stomach. VNS can prevent or decrease the frequency of seizures. If this is an option for your child, he may still need to take medicine.
This is a very strict
. It is high in fat and low in carbohydrates and proteins. It keeps the body’s chemical balance in a state of ketosis. Ketosis decreases the frequency of seizures. If you would like your child to start this diet, talk to the doctor. Since it is a strict diet and your child needs proper nutrients, you will need to work with a dietician.
Other Lifestyle Changes
You can help your child to decrease his chance of a seizure by:
- Making sure he takes his anti-seizure medicine as prescribed
- Having your child get enough sleep
- Finding ways to help him avoid hyperventilating (eg, by doing deep breathing exercises, meditation)
- Having your child avoid strobe lights
Other things to consider:
- Have your child wear a medical alert bracelet. That way, if your child has a seizure, people around him will understand what is happening. They will be able to get help.
- Keep a seizure log for your child. Record things that were happening around the time of a seizure. This will help to identify a seizure trigger.
If your child’s condition is severe, take these steps to prevent serious injuries:
- Do not allow your child to swim or bathe alone.
- Do not have your child climb or play in areas where he could fall.
- Talk to the doctor to find out which activities are safe for your child. He may have to avoid certain sports.