Sleep apnea occurs when breathing stops for brief periods of time while a person is sleeping. It can last for 10-30 seconds, and may occur up to 20-30 times per hour. During one night of sleep, this can cause up to 400 episodes of interrupted breathing.
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There are a number of treatment options for sleep apnea, including:
if you are overweight.
- Avoid using sedatives, sleeping pills, alcohol, and nicotine, which can make the condition worse.
- Try sleeping on your side instead of your back.
- Use pillows to increase your level of comfort when sleeping.
- For daytime sleepiness, practice safety measures, such as avoiding driving or operating potentially hazardous equipment.
Continuous positive airway pressure
entails wearing a mask over your nose and/or mouth during sleep. An air blower forces enough constant and continuous air through your air passages to prevent the tissues from collapsing and blocking the airway. In some cases, dental appliances that help keep the tongue or jaw in a more forward position may help.
In some cases, surgery may be recommended. It is most often beneficial in pediatric patients.
Types of surgery that may be done to treat severe cases of sleep apnea include:
- Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty—Excess soft tissue is removed from the nose and/or throat.
- Maxillomandibular advancement—The jawbone is repositioned forward.
—For life-threatening cases of sleep apnea, an opening is made in the windpipe to allow for normal breathing.
- Adenotonsillectomy—The adenoids and tonsils are removed.
Bariatric surgery may help with weight loss in some people who are
. This surgery may reduce many of the complications that are related to obesity, including sleep apnea.
Only used in central apnea,
may help improve the ability to regulate breathing. Overall, there is not a lot of evidence to support the use of medicines to treat sleep apnea.
Supplemental oxygen may be given if blood levels of oxygen fall too low during sleep, even after opening the airway.
You may be able to prevent sleep apnea by maintaining a
. Avoid alcohol, nicotine, and sedatives, which may contribute to airway obstruction.