Screening is a way to evaluate people without symptoms to determine if they are at risk for cancer or have already developed cancer. Screening involves:
There are no screening guidelines or tests specific for esophageal cancer.
However, if you have any risk factors for esophageal cancer, your doctor will want to discuss them with you to help reduce your risk. In certain cases, your doctor may check for the possibility of cancer in the esophagus:
—If you have chronic heartburn, your doctor may want to take a look at your esophagus with an endoscope. Samples of suspicious looking tissue to test for cancer may also be taken. If a diagnosis is made this way, it could be early enough to cure.
Blood in your stool
—If traces of blood show up on routine stool testing for
, and your doctor finds no bleeding lesion in your lower gastrointestinal tract, your esophagus and stomach may be examined next. This will most likely be done with an endoscope. If a diagnosis is made this way, it could be early enough to cure.