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Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes

En Español (Spanish Version)

Main Page | Risk Factors | Symptoms | Diagnosis | Treatment | Screening | Complications | Reducing Your Risk | Talking to Your Doctor | Living With Type 1 Diabetes | Resource Guide

Related Media: The Importance of Healthy Eating When You Have Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that currently has no cure. However, it can be managed with proper treatment and care. The goal of diabetes treatment is to maintain blood glucose levels before and after meals within a healthy range. By doing so, you will feel better on a daily basis and will help prevent or delay the complications of diabetes. Talk to your doctor about what a healthy blood glucose range is for you.

The main components of treatment are:

  • Insulin (and possibly pramlintide)
  • Blood glucose monitoring
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Glucagon for emergency management of hypoglycemia

Treatment may include the following:

Lifestyle changes | Medications | Surgery | Alternative and complementary therapies | Other treatments



  • Causes of diabetes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: Accessed December 31, 2012.
  • Diabetes mellitus type 1. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated December 28, 2012. Accessed December 31, 2012.
  • Type 1 diabetes. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: Accessed December 31, 2012.

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