Complications are rare. If you are planning to have an MRCP, your doctor will review a list of possible complications.
Some people have a bad reaction to the contrast dye. The contrast is chemical that improves the details in the pictures. In some people, the contrast can cause allergic reactions or kidney problems.
MRI scans can be harmful if you have metal inside your body, such as joint replacements or a pacemaker. Make sure your doctor knows of any internal metal before the test.
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the test. Let your doctor know about any allergies or unrelated illnesses you may have.
What to Expect
Prior to Test
In the days leading up to the MRCP, you will be asked about:
Your medical history, including:
- If you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye
- If you are pregnant—be sure to tell your doctor if you are or could be pregnant
- Medical devices that you may have in your body. This includes pacemakers, ear implants, insulin pumps, neurostimulators, and shunts
- Joint replacements, plates, or metal pins
- Metal objects or fragments in your body—An x-ray may be done before the MRCP.
You may be asked to stop eating or drinking for about 2-4 hours before the MRCP.
Right before the test, you will be asked to remove any metal objects. This includes jewelry, hearing aids, and glasses.
Description of Test
You may be given a mild sedative to help you relax.
If a contrast dye is being used, a small IV needle will be inserted into your hand or arm.
You will be asked to lie very still on a sliding table. The table will slide into a narrow, enclosed cylinder. The technician will give you directions through an intercom. Images will be taken of the organs and ducts in your abdomen. When the exam is done, you will slide out of the machine. If you have an IV needle, it will be removed.
In some cases, both an MRCP and an MRI scan of the rest of the abdomen will be done.
You will be asked to wait while the images are looked at. More images may be needed.
If were given a sedative, do not drive, operate machinery, or make important decisions.
How Long Will It Take?
The exam may take 15-45 minutes. The length will depend on whether you need an MRI scan also.
Will It Hurt?
The contrast dye injected can cause some discomfort during the injection.