Common Shoulder Sports Injuries
By Michael Lasalandra
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Correspondent
When it comes to sports injuries, shoulders and knees are the parts of the body most likely to be hurt, no matter whether the athletes are school kids, professionals or older weekend warriors.
"When it comes to the shoulder, the most common thing we see is shoulder pain," says Dr. Joseph DeAngelis, an orthopedic surgeon in the Division of Sports Medicine and Shoulder Surgery at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. "Most of what we try to do is get them back to where they were before they hurt their shoulder."
Usually, the injury involves the rotator cuff, a group of four muscles that work together to provide the shoulder joint with stability. In many cases, DeAngelis says, the problem is merely due to impingement from such factors as bad posture over many years. Such problems involve inflammation and can be easily diagnosed -- an MRI isn't needed in most cases -- and fixed with physical therapy, he said.
"A lot of people show up with shoulder pain," he says. "Our job is to differentiate between something that is torn and something that is out of whack. I work with patients to understand where the pain is coming from. You can figure out a lot of it by listening to the patient and performing a physical exam."
If there is a tear of a muscle or tendon, it can be repaired surgically, using minimally invasive techniques that involve tiny cameras and instruments and small incisions. The surgery is often to reattach a tendon to bone, particularly in cases involving older athletes. These kinds of degenerative injuries are common in sports such as baseball, tennis or golf.
"In six months, they are back doing what they want to do," DeAngelis says.
" Arthroscopic techniques for treating shoulder problems have really advanced," says Dr. Arun J. Ramappa, orthopedic surgeon and Chief of Sports Medicine at BIDMC. "The minimally invasive surgeries we are accustomed to performing on knees are now available for the shoulder as well."
Above content provided by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. For advice about your medical care, consult your doctor.
Posted March 2011