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Selected References

Maiz, A., Yamazaki, K., Sobrado, J., Babayan, V.K., Moldawer L.L., Bistrian, B.R., Blackburn, G.L. Protein metabolism during total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in injured rats using medium chain triglycerides. Metabolism 1984;33:901-909.

Abbott, W.C., Grakauskas, A.M., Bistrian, B.R., Rose, R., Blackburn, G.L. The metabolic and respiratory effects of continuous and discontinuous lipid emulsions in excess of resting energy expenditure. Arch Surg 1984;119:1367-1371.

Ling, P.R., Hamawy, K.J., Moldawer, L.L., Istfan, N., Bistrian, B.R., Blackburn, G.L. Evaluation of the protein quality of diets containing medium and long-chain triglycerides in healthy rats. J Nutr. 1986;116:343-340.

Ling, P.R., Hamawy, K.J., Moldawer, L.L., Istfan, N., Bistrian, B.R., Blackburn, G.L. Evaluation of the protein quality of diets containing medium and long-chain triglycerides in healthy rats. J Nutr 1986; 116:343-340.

Leader, L., Flores, E., Trimbo, S., Bistrian, B.R., Blackburn, G.L. Enhanced survival to endotoxin in guinea pigs fed I.V. fish oil emulsions. Lipids1988;23:623-625.

Istfan, N., Ling, P.R., Blackburn, G.L., Bistrian, B.R. Enhancement of protein breakdown by TNF- alpha in the rat: correlation of in vivo isotope estimates with growth characteristics. Am J Physiol. 1991: 261:106-116.

Flores, E.A., Istfan, N., Pomposelli, J.J., Blackburn, G.L., Bistrian, B.R., Effect of interleukin-1 and tumor-necrosis factor/cachectin on glucose turnover in the rat. Metabolism. 1990; 39:738-743.

Pomposelli, J.J., Flores, E.A., Blackburn, G.L., Zeisel S.H., Bistrian B.R. Diets enriched with N-3 fatty acids ameliorate lactic acidosis by improving endotoxin-induced tissue hypoperfusion in guinea pigs. Ann Surg. 1991;213:166-176.

McMahon MM, Bistrian BR. Host defenses and susceptibility to infection in patients with diabetes mellitus. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 1995; 9:1-9.

Driscoll DF, Bacon MN, Bistrian BR. The effects of filtration on lipid particle size distribution in total nutrient admixtures. JPEN 1996;20:296-301.

Ling P, Sierra P, Bistrian BR. IGF-1 improves glucose utilization in TNF-treated rats under hyperinsulinemic, englycemic conditions. Metabolism 1997; 46:1052-1058.

Kwoun M, Ling P, Lyndon E, Imrich A, Qu Z, Palombo J, Bistrian B. Immunologic effects of acute hyperglycemia in non-diabetic rats. J Parenter Enter Nutr 1997; 21:91-95.

McCowen K, Friel C, Sternberg J, Chan S, Forse R, Burke P, Bistrian B. Hypocaloric total parenteral nutrition: effectiveness in prevention of hyperglycemia and infectious complications-a randomized clinical trial. Crit Care Med 2000;28:3606-3611.

Ling PR, Ollero M, Khaodhiar L, McCowen K, Keane-Ellison M, Thibault A, Tawa N, Bistrian BR. Disturbances in essential fatty acid metabolism in patients receiving long-term home parenteral nutrition. Dig Dis Sci. 2002;47:1679-85.

Bistrian BR. Clinical aspects of essential fatty acid metabolism: Jonathan Rhoads Lecture. J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2003;27(3):168-75.

Ling PR, Mueller C, Smith RJ, Bistrian BR. Hyperglycemia induced by glucose infusion causes hepatic oxidative stress and systemic inflammation, but not STAT3 or MAP kinase activation in liver in rats. Metabolism. 2003;52(7):868-74.

Driscoll DF, Nehne J, Peterss H, Klütsch K, Bistrian BR, Niemann W. Physicochemical stability of intravenous lipid emulsions as all-in-one admixtures for the very young. Clin Nutr 2003; 22:489-95.

McCowen KC, Ling PR, Ollero M, Maykel JA, Blanco PG, Bistrian BR. Abnormal regulation of serum lipid fatty acid profiles in short gut rats fed parenteral nutrition with lipid. Metabolism. 2004;53: 273-7.

Ling PR, Smith RJ, Bistrian BR. Hyperglycemia enhances the cytokine production and oxidative responses to a low but not high dose of endotoxin in rats. Crit Care Med. 2005;33:1084-9.

Parikh, M, Dumas G, Silvetsri AP, Bistrian BR, Driscoll DF. Physical compatibility of neonatal TPN admixtures containing organic calcium and inorganic phosphate salts. Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2005;62:1177-83.

Driscoll DF, Joy J, Silvestri AP, Franke R, Nehne J, Bistrian BR. Calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) compatibility in low osmolality parenteral nutrition (PN) mixtures. Clin Nutr 2005;24:695.

Driscoll MB, Driscoll DF. Calculating aluminum exposure from TPN admixtures for adults and infants. Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2005;62:312-15.

Driscoll DF, Ling PR, Quist WC, Bistrian BR. Pathological consequences from the infusion of unstable lipid emulsion admixtures in guinea pigs. Clin Nutr. 2005;24:105-13.

Driscoll DF, Ling PR, Bistrian BR. Pathological consequences to reticuloendothelial system organs following infusion of unstable all-in-one mixtures in rats. Clin Nutr. 2006;25:842-50.

Ling PR, Smith RJ, Bistrian BR. Acute effects of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on hepatic oxidative stress and the systemic inflammatory response in rats. Crit Care Med. 2007;35:555-60.

Driscoll DF, Ling PR, Bistrian BR. Physical stability of 20% lipid injectable emulsions via simulated syringe infusion: Effects of glass vs. plastic product packaging. J Parenter Enter Nutr 2007;31:148-53.

Singh H, Dumas GJ, Silvestri AP, Young S, Martin CR, Bistrian BR, Driscoll DF. Physical compatibility of neonatal TPN admixtures containing organic calcium and inorganic phosphate salts in a simulated infusion at 37C. Ped Crit Care Med 2008;In press.

Driscoll DF, Ling PR, Andersson C, Bistrian BR. Hepatic indicators of oxidative stress and tissue damage accompanied by systemic inflammation in rats following a 24-hour infusion of an unstable lipid emulsion admixture. J Parenter Enter Nutr; 2008; In press.