If you develop signs or symptoms of mitral valve stenosis, your doctor will ask about your medical history and give you a physical exam.
Listen to Heart and Lungs
This exam will include listening to your heart and lungs through a stethoscope. If your doctor detects a murmur (abnormal heart sound) or hears fluid in your lungs, he or she will order additional diagnostic tests for further evaluation.
Following your checkup, your doctor may order one or more of a series of diagnostic tests.
This painless test -- the most useful test for diagnosing these conditions -- uses sound waves to create a moving picture of your heart. It provides information about the size and shape of your heart and how well your heart chambers and valves are functioning. The test can also identify areas of poor blood flow to the heart, areas of heart muscle that are not contracting normally, and prior injury to the heart muscle as a result of poor blood flow.
Echocardiography also can be performed by placing a probe down your esophagus (the tube leading from your mouth to your stomach) to get a better look at the mitral valve. This is called a transesophageal echocardiogram or TEE.
This is used to look for fluid in your lungs or to see if your heart is enlarged. Unlike the above two tests, exposure to radiation is involved.
This test charts the electrical activity of your heart and can show abnormal heartbeats, heart muscle damage and enlargement of the heart.
In this test, sticky patches with electrodes are attached to your skin to track the electrical pulses given off by your heart. An ECG translates the heart's electrical activity into line tracings on paper. The test gives information about heart rhythm and size.
This portable device to record a continuous ECG can be worn for 24 to 72 hours. It is used to detect intermittent heart rhythm irregularities that may be associated with valve abnormalities.
This involves the threading of a tiny tube or catheter through a blood vessel in the arm or groin all the way into the heart. The tube can be used to measure pressures within the heart and provide information about heart and valve function or deliver "dye" (radiographic contrast) into the heart chambers and arteries.
When the dye is seen on x-ray images it provides information about the heart and valve function and whether there are blockages in the heart arteries.