Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator
Brugada syndrome has a very poor prognosis if left untreated. The only treatment is an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), a device that is programmed to detect cardiac arrhythmia and correct it by delivering a jolt of electricity.
Implantation of an ICD is similar to that of a pacemaker. The device includes electrode wires which pass through a vein to the right chambers of the heart, and which usually are lodged in the apex of the right ventricle.
Pacemaker vs. ICD
- Pacemakers are generally designed to consistently correct bradycardia or low heart rate, while ICDs are often permanent protections against sudden arrhythmic abnormalities.
- A pacemaker monitors electrical impulses, while an ICD monitors heart rhythms.
- The devices are roughly the same size and are implanted in the same area of the chest.